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Naval Architecture

Naval Architecture Engineering

Naval Architecture

Naval Architecture is an engineering discipline dealing with the design, construction or  Maintenance of ships, boats and all types of marine vessels and offshore structures like merchant ships, oil tankers, gas tankers, bulk carriers, container ships, passenger ships and ferries, cruise ships, frigates, destroyers, aircraft carriers, amphibious ships, submarines, underwater vehicles, icebreakers, offshore drilling platforms, semi-submersibles, high speed crafts, hovercrafts, multi-hull ships, fishing boats, tugs, platform supply vessels, pilot vessels, rescue crafts, yachts, power boats and other recreational crafts, the opportunity is immense. 

Naval architecture involves basic and applied research, design, development, design evaluation and calculations during all stages of the life of a marine vehicle. There is a huge demand for naval architects in the countries where shipbuilding industry is in a large format like US, Korea, Singapore, UK and Netherlands. Naval architects can not only fit in the shipbuilding industry but also in Naval dockyards and ship design and research centers . They are in demand both in the private and government sectors. Ie: Surveyors in DG Shipping, Classification societies Since Naval architect is an engineer who is responsible for the Naval architects can also join ships for on-board duty after undergoing pre-sea course for GME (Approved by DG Shipping, Govt. Of India) and become 4 the engineer.

Scope :

Job opportunities in Shipbuilding, Shipping, Ship Surveyor, Navy, Coast Guard, Classification societies, Dockyards and Shipyards.

Eligibility & Admission Process :

Pass in (10+2) or equivalent examination with physics, Chemistry, Mathematics and English as separate subjects with a PCM average of not less than 60% (or) The candidate should have obtained with minimum of 50% marks in English language at 10th or 12th standard or in the Degree/Diploma course conducted by recognized Board or any University. or Candidates can join 2nd year of 4-Year Naval Architecture Degree Course who have passed 3 years Diploma Course in Mechanical / Marine / Electrical / Electrical and Electronics from the colleges approved by AICTE or State Board of Technical Education with minimum 55% of aggregate marks in the last year of Diploma Course.

Colleges :

Naval architecture is classified as a specialised course and only a few institutes in India offer the course. Here are the details:

  1. Andhra University College of Engineering – 4 Year BE course – Qualifying Examination – EAMCET.
  2. IIT – Kharagpur  – 4 Year BE course – Qualifying Examination – IIT-JEE.
  3. IIT – Chennai – 4 Year BE course – Qualifying Examination – IIT-JEE.
  4. Kochi University of Science and Technology  – 4 Year B.Tech course – Qualifying Examination -Cusat-CAT.

Institute of Shipbuilding, Goa: Four-year Diploma in Shipbuilding Engineering (organises its own examination) Naval College of Engineering, Lonavla, Pune, also admit 50 male students having minimum 70 per cent marks in physics, chemistry and mathematics put together and 50 per cent marks in English in the Plus Two or equivalent examination. Adequate professional training will be given in different branches, including naval architecture. Those who successfully complete the four-year course will be awarded a B.Tech degree from the Jawaharlal Nehru University.

Since all the courses imparted by the above mentioned colleges focus on the merchant ship design and construction, qualified Naval architects can join the Indian Navy to undergo specialised two-year training in Naval ship design at the Naval College of Engineering. Indian Navy recruits a good number of naval architects every year to serve its requirements.

In the post-graduation level, IIT-Kharagpur offers a PG course called Marine Technology and IIT-Chennai offers a PG course called Ocean Technology. There are facilities for research at both the IITs.

Job Prospects & Salaries :

A naval architect is a professional engineer who is responsible for the design, construction and repair of ships, boats and other seafaring vessels including:

  • merchant ships – tankers, cargo ships, passenger liners, etc.
  • ferries.
  • warships.
  • submarines.
  • high-speed craft.
  • working vessels – fishing boats, rescue boats, etc.
  • pleasure craft – yachts, power boats, etc.

They also work on the design and construction of marine installations such as off-shore drilling platforms.

Modern engineering on this scale demands a collaborative team effort with engineers from different fields and disciplines working closely together. The naval architect coordinates the team activities and carries ultimate responsibility for the project, ensuring that it is completed effectively, safely and economically.

Naval architects must have an understanding of many branches of engineering and must be at the forefront of high technology areas such as computer-aided design.

Range of typical starting salaries (naval architecture graduates): £25,000 – £28,000. Graduates from other relevant disciplines should expect a slightly lower starting salary.

Range of typical salaries with experience: £30,000 – £50,000. Highly experienced naval architects, who have accumulated many years’ experience working for large organisations, can earn in excess of £50,000.

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