[one_half][ads1][/one_half]Journalism / Journalists is the activity or product of or others engaged in the preparation of written, visual, or audio material intended for dissemination through public media with reference to factual, ongoing events of public concern. It is intended to inform society about itself and to make public, things that would otherwise be private. Journalists is directed at the consumers of media products, who may comprise nonspecific general audiences, or narrower market segments. In modern society,news media have become the chief purveyor of information and opinion about public affairs; but the role and status of journalism, along with other forms of mass media, are undergoing changes resulting from the Internet.
This has resulted in a shift toward reading on e-readers, smartphones, and other electronic devices rather than print media and has faced news organizations with the ongoing Journalists problem of monetizing on digital news.
Journalists Scope :
Today in these world of huge population people are eager to know about what is happening around them so journalism a vital key to know about what is happening around us. Today journalism gets a lot of importance everywhere where it is importance for example in history journalism make history record daily activities are recorded by print media.
Journalism is today concerned with broadcast world such as TV and Radio, Web journalism, Print Journalism, and it is broadcasted in 100’s of channels on media. Journalism required presence of mind and passion to move around the world and the best institution offering this course is Indian Institute of mass communication, New Delhi. Xavier institute of communication, Bombay Recently New Media design is coming up, where you might found out in various news channels like CNN, BBC.
Journalism also provide major international, peer-reviewed journal that provides a dedicated forum for articles from the growing community of academic researchers and critical practitioners with an interest in journalism. The journalism journal also is interdisciplinary and publishes both theoretical and empirical work and contributes to the social, economic, political, cultural and practical understanding of journalism. It also includes contributions on current developments and historical changes within journalism.
Journalism covers the range of disciplinary and interdisciplinary approaches in the humanities, social sciences, professional / business studies, and practice which together make up this diverse field.
Journalism main focuses on Media ownership and journalistic function, Ethics and journalism, Journalism, local markets and global audience, Journalism as a cultural practice, Journalism and gender, Journalism and public relations, New media and journalism, Journalism and the public sphere, Journalism education and training, Journalism and conflict.
Journalism the main topic and student should focus in these line to build up there career in the future because the scope of, journalism is vast and will be of the great importance in coming future.
Journalists Skill Required :
Journalism is an exciting and challenging career, and is sometimes seen as a little glamorous. While it can be glamorous or prestigious, in reality it is hard work. For successful career in journalism one must have the following skills:
- An interest in current affairs at all levels.
- Able to speak clearly.
- An ability to write in a style, concise, objective and accurate material which is easy to understand.
- Capable of evaluating the “newsworthiness” of stories or information.
- A lively interest in people, places and events.
- Excellent listening and observational skills.
- Good general knowledge.
- Strong capacity for conducting independent research.
- Well developed keyboard skills.
- An ability to work under pressure to meet deadlines.
- Determination and persistence.
- Good spelling, grammar and punctuation.
Courses Offered :
- B.J (Bachelor of Journalism).
- B.J (Hons) (Bachelor of Journalism (Honours)).
- B.C.J (Bachelor of Communication and Journalism).
- B.M.M (Bachelor of Mass Media).
- B.J.M.C (Bachelor of Journalism and Mass Communication).
- B.A – J.M.C(Bachelor of Arts in Journalism and Mass Communication).
- B.A – Mass Communication (Bachelor of Arts in Mass Communication).
Subjects / Syllabus :
- Broadcast Journalism’s.
- Literature, Language and Arts for Journalists.
- Digital Journalism’s.
- Multi-Media Journalism’s.
- Specialized Writing.
- Feature Writing.
- Sub-editing and Layout.
- Journalism’s Ethics.
- Reporting and News writing.
- Workplace Communication.
- Journalism’s Law.
Eligibility & Admission Process :
Minimum eligibility for Bachelor degree in journalism’s is 10+2 and for Post graduate degree courses a Bachelor degree in journalism. Some institutes also provide one year certificate courses in journalism for which eligibility is 10+2. There are also courses in specialized areas of journalism like sports, television, photo, press law etc.
No course or training can claim to make one, a journalist. The courses train persons in the technical aspects only, to ensure one’s success in the field one must have an inborn ability to write and produce new stories in correct, concise and interesting style. Latest trend in this regard is that big groups of newspapers advertise the posts of trainees for which all graduates are eligible. After conducting the entrance examination, suitable graduate trainees, with flair for writing are selected and employed. In other words, now the formal academic qualification for being a reporter, copy writer or correspondent is not essential.
- Mudra Institute of Communications, Ahmedabad.
- Asian College of Journalism, Chennai.
- Indian Institute of Journalism and New Media, Bangalore.
- Symbiosis Institute of Mass Communication, Pune.
- IIMC, New Delhi.
- Xavier Institute of Communication, Mumbai.
- AJ Kidwai Mass Communication Research, Jamia, New Delhi.
- Manorama School of Communication, Kottayam.
- Film and Television Institute of India, Pune.
- Times School of Journalism, New Delhi.
Journalists Job Prospects & Salaries :
As many professionals in the industry will say, competition is fierce for journalism’s jobs. Many won’t make the cut no matter how talented they are. Even some of the best newspapers have resorted to telemarketing and setting up booths outside of grocery stores to sell their product… and as a journalism’s grad, I still passed them up as I left Safeway. Even the Peace Corps doesn’t really want journalism grads.
But don’t be too sad; you may not get that dream reporting job for the moment, but there are a wealth of other great jobs you can go for and likely acquire after graduation!
- Editing : This is great if you’ve had experience editing for a school newspaper. You can start by editing for a low price, then build up your resume. You can edit books, web pages, or anything else. That’s something I’m currently doing right now.
- Public relations : Chances are that in college, you’ve had at least an assignment or two that required you to write a press release. PR isn’t much of a far cry from regular journalism, and it can be much more interesting and rewarding than you think. There are a lot of opportunities in this field, and you may end up working for a very notable company that would make a nice spot on your resume.
- Technical writing : You can do a little extra work for a technical writing license and work for tech-y companies… although if you have a real love for literature and creative writing, this may not be the road for you. You translate what engineers and other such professionals write and edit it to make it sound like, well, English.
- Sales and marketing : When I put myself on various job-finding websites, the responses were basically all marketing-related. I had worked in a marketing department in college, and my three years there made me a wanted lady at entry-level.
- Business : There are way too many financial reporter jobs around. Businesses and companies always need someone to research, investigate, interview, and write reports for employees or the public. It doesn’t sound fun to me, but someone’s gotta do it.
- Web work : You have probably taken at least a class or two related to multimedia in journalism’s. Maybe you’ve worked on the school website or any other company. A lot of journalism schools know that the web is a vast and rapidly growing arena of opportunity, to you may want to take a few extra classes in Dreamweaver and other web development and/or design programs. Be as fluent in computer programming languages as possible.
- Government and Non-Profit : Jobs creating brochures, newsletters, and other forms of communication are often available. As a journalism’s grad, you should be good at taking information and communicating it to the public in a straightforward and efficient manner.
The minimum salary as per government directive has to be Rs. 5500 to Rs. 9000 for reporters and senior reporters, Rs. 5000 to Rs. 10,500 for the chief reporters and sub-editors, and Rs. 7500 to 12000 for editors. Actual salaries offered depend on the company one is working with, and can be anything from very high to very low.
Travel and stay expenses as well as allowances are additional with all pay packets. Freelancers are paid for each piece of work they submit.